Near the end of the nineteenth century, Progressive political theorists began to view the principles of the American Founding as archaic and obstructive. They argued that the modern age brought with it new problems, which required new principles, as well as a move away from the republicanism of the Founding to a state ruled by administrative experts. Progressivism came to dominate American politics in the 20th century, and remains a powerful political force today.


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Paul Moreno is the William and Berniece Grewcock Professor in Constitutional History at Hillsdale College. He received his B.A. from the State University of New York and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Maryland at College Park.