Reformation and Counter-Reformation


Martin Luther—who published his 95 theses in 1517—did not see himself as a reformer. Rather, he believed that he was proclaiming the true word of God. The Catholic Church convened the Council of Trent in part to respond to Luther’s challenge.


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Matthew Gaetano is assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College. He received his B.A. from Hillsdale College and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania.