The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic


In the year 509 B.C., Roman patricians overthrew the Etruscan kings and founded the Roman Republic. The new government established magistrates with limited powers and terms of office, while taking into account the claims of the Senate and the people. The Republic eventually came to an end with the rise of Julius Caesar and the establishment of the Roman Empire under Augustus Caesar.


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Kenneth R. Calvert is professor of history at Hillsdale College. He received his B.A. from Wheaton College, an M.Div. from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, a Th.M. from Harvard, and his Ph.D. from Miami University–Ohio.