Athens and Sparta—Conclusions

Overview

Following the defeat of the Athenian Empire by Sparta and its allies in the Peloponnesian War, Athens was ruled by tyrants. Although democracy was eventually restored, the war had weakened the Athenians’ attachment to freedom. This made them vulnerable to the kind of autocratic government that was eventually imposed on them by Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great.

Lecture

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Q & A Session

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Victor Davis Hanson, the Wayne and Marcia Buske Distinguished Fellow in History at Hillsdale College, is also a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a professor of classics emeritus at California State University, Fresno. He earned his B.A. at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and his Ph.D. in classics from Stanford University. In 2007, he was awarded the National Humanities Medal, and in 2008, he received the Bradley Prize from the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation. He is a columnist for National Review Online and Tribune Media Services, and has published in several publications, including Commentary, the Claremont Review of Books, The New Criterion, and the Wall Street Journal. He is the author of numerous books, including The Savior Generals: How Five Great Commanders Saved Wars That Were Lost - From Ancient Greece to Iraq, A War Like No Other: How the Athenians and Spartans Fought the Peloponnesian War, and The Second World Wars: How the First Global Conflict Was Fought and Won.